Trichomes, Resin & Terpenes, Oh My!
Cannabis Sativa varieties are differentiated and named by their overall appearance, aroma (terpene profile) & cannabinoid content. This allows us to distinguish them from each other easily & eventually will allow us to realize the medicinal differences between varieties.
Terpenes are hydroxy (hydrogen & oxygen) molecules that give off aromas & assist cannabinoids in their functions. There are over 200 terpenes that can be found in Cannabis Sativa in various amounts. A-Pinene is a common terpene that smells of pine trees or slightly woody & assists in memory retention, is a bronchodilator, & provides uplifting effects.
Terpenoids are terpenes that have been in contact with oxygen, usually through the curing process, and have degraded to a certain point. Terpenes/terpenoids are nature's way to repelling certain insects while attracting beneficial insects/animals.
Trichomes are the small resin glands that contain a large amount of cannabinoids & terpenes. They can vary in color slightly, but can be mostly clear or milky depending on genetics & environmental factors.